Tip: This article is about water conservation in agriculture, ways to conserve water, water conservation methods.
Water conservation methods in planting process
Deep plowing could avoid the surface runoff.
Planting improved crops
Further reading: water efficient maize for Africa
The result showed that straw incorporation and organic fertilizer application could increase yield and save water clearly.
- Film cover
- Straw cover
Methods in the irrigation process
Impermeable canal irrigation
It can save about 20% water to improve the canal to impermeable type.
Pipe-irrigation is a cheap & efficient method to save water. It can save 30-50% water to choice pipe-irrigation than earth canal.
- Drip irrigation
- Micro-sprinkling irrigation
- Seepage irrigation
- Sprinkling irrigation
It can save 80-85% water to choice micro-irrigation than earth canal. The effect will be better to combined micro-irrigation with the water-soluble fertilizer.
It can save 50-60% water to choice micro-irrigation than earth canal. In general, sprinkling irrigation’s cost is higher than micro-irrigation.
Use anti-drought product
Water retaining agent
Water retaining agent is a very efficient product. It can increase soil’s water holding capacity as much as 80% and the effect last for years.
Further reading: what’s the water retaining agent?
Antitranspirants can effectively control the opening of stomata and reduce leaf transpiration.